Belief In Moralizing Gods Came Centuries After Complex Civilizations Evolved, Not Before

Belief in a God or gods that punish evil-doers and reward those who behave well is so widespread many philosophers of religion argue it is necessary to hold together large societies. That idea appears to be refuted, however, with evidence faith in “moralizing gods” usually appeared centuries after such societies evolved, suggesting it was unnecessary for the building of those societies.

The question of when people started believing in moralizing gods is relevant for modern debates about how morality will change in increasingly non-religious societies.

Oxford University’s Dr Patrick Savage decided to put this to the test, by looking at what we know about the religious beliefs of 414 societies worldwide over the last 10,000 years. In most cases, moralizing gods only appeared in the social record after the emergence of what Savage and colleagues term “megasocieties”, interconnected populations of more than a million people.


Recommended PRODUCTS
  • Designed To Help You Skyrocket Your Confidence Through The Roof
  • Discover The Secret Key To Create Miracles and Command The Full Powers Of The Universe.
  • Learn how you can easily create mobile apps to generate passive income.
  • Discover the power of a unique, timeless method of capturing the heart of the man you love.
  • A Program Created To Help People Become Attarctive Fast By Modelling The Best In The World.
  • Know Techniques and tricks with detailed instructions to do everything with Gardening.
  • Design your own solar power system with an easy to follow guide which is downloadable.
  • The stunning secret of turning your wife on with the push of a button.
  • Packed full of the info you need for profitable horse racing
  • Create your own Body Beyond Belief
  • ApeSurvival is all about survival and self-defense products, tips and news.
  • A completely new trading tool that helps you identify trading opportunities.
  • Looking for a Nap of the Day Become a Betting Gods VIP Today.
  • Here is a proprietary and unique tool that makes us earn up to 70 per day.
  • Learn how to play the drums fast. Online Video Course and School.
  • Clickbank Ads
     

    Belief in supernatural beings that might be termed “gods” is widespread, perhaps universal, in historical human societies. However, Savage distinguishes between deities that demand sacrifices or expect people to avoid sacred places, and “moralizing gods” that additionally punish violations of moral laws between humans.

    Savage includes in the moralizing gods category not just the deities of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, but Buddhist notions of karma. What all of these have in common is a view that, if you do wrong by your fellow human, you will pay a price, in this life or the next. The definition of “doing wrong” might often include absurd restrictions on sexual behavior, but fear of punishment for theft or violence can help hold together a society too large for everyone to have a personal connection.

    In Nature, Savage uses the Seshat Global History Databank for its independent assessment of the level of social complexity of many societies over time. Greater complexity is marked by features such as increasing populations, greater hierarchies, formal legal codes and transport infrastructure.

    This was compared with reports about the religious beliefs from 30 distinct regions. The paper notes, “Although societies in all 30 regions possessed beliefs about appeasing supernatural agents through the performance of rituals, in 10 out of the 30 regions, there was no evidence for moralizing gods before their introduction under colonial powers.” In the other 20, a belief in moralizing gods may have arisen locally, but on average, this was 400 years after writing first appeared, ensuring such views would be recorded if they had existed. The earliest example was from Egypt 4,800 years ago, during the second dynasty, whose name demonstrates the society was ancient even then.

    The authors conclude that, while a belief in divine retribution may have assisted the stability of societies, it was not necessary for their formation, casting doubt on claims we need it today.

    Original Article : HERE ; This post was curated & posted using : RealSpecific

     


    RELATED PRODUCTS
  • Designed To Help You Skyrocket Your Confidence Through The Roof
  • Discover The Secret Key To Create Miracles and Command The Full Powers Of The Universe.
  • Change Your Mind, Change Your Life Influence Your Mind and Others.
  • The Best RSS Autoblog Tool For Blogger Blogspot Blog.
  • Learn how you can easily create mobile apps to generate passive income.
  • Here is a proprietary and unique tool that makes us earn up to 70 per day.
  • Create your own Body Beyond Belief
  • The stunning secret of turning your wife on with the push of a button.
  • A Program Created To Help People Become Attarctive Fast By Modelling The Best In The World.
  • Looking for a Nap of the Day Become a Betting Gods VIP Today.
  • Learn about the solar systems largest planet jupiter predict great red spot transit times
  • Learn how to play the drums fast. Online Video Course and School.
  • Success mastery X is the ultimate blueprint for achieving success.
  • Clickbank Ads
     

    Thank you for taking the time to read our article.

    If you enjoyed our content, we'd really appreciate some "love" with a share or two.

    And ... Don't forget to have fun!

    Recommended

    Vidinflux Treasure Box

    Traffic Sucking Social Videos In 1 Minute!

    RT Viking PLR Membership

    Viking PLR is an awesome collection of internet marketing related PLR packages each including a free report, an ebook, and a video course. These packages come with full private label rights and can be rebranded if you so choose. 🙂

    ScriptReel - SyVID-Onetime

    SyVID lets you share and syndicate your videos to multiple video and social sharing sites. Currently valued at $67 but you get it for $17

    Leave a Reply